Rule: When a speaker in a sentence names the person to whom he is speaking, this addressing of his audience is called direct address. In English, when you address someone (or something) directly, the name you use is offset with a comma (if it's at the start or end of the sentence) or two commas (if it's in the middle ). Always use a comma before directly addressing someone or something in a sentence. Now be very, very careful. Direct address is indicated by the use of a comma or commas, depending upon its placement within the sentence. But almost every time I see a direct address in my e-mail in-box, it has no comma before the name. Use a comma to separate each element in an address. Example: I’m going to the beach today, Mom. The sentence still works grammatically, but we do not know which spacecraft the sentence is referring to. Hi June, It does, however, have a comma after the name. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. I hope you know, Donelle, that we appreciate your hard work. Dude, that’s awesome. Congratulations, Michael! 1. As a result, the reference to Cassini in the following sentence no longer makes sense. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS. If the name is not the last word in the sentence then a comma should follow it also. [I]n formal writing, direct address takes a comma before the person’s name. Nicole Fornabaio/rd.com, shutterstock . 6. One could argue, however, that e-mails aren’t formal, and that there’s little harm in streamlining for the sake of efficiency. Here are some clues to help you decide whether the sentence element is essential: If they're at the end or beginning of a sentence, of course, the period at the end of the sentence precludes the need for a second comma. We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader.. Hello, Rene. Danny, thank you for your thoughtful message. Again, no sense = no commas. Define vocative comma: the definition of the vocative comma is the comma used in the vocative case when addressing someone or something. I think, John, you’re wrong. 2. When you address someone directly, their name is said to be in the vocative case. The name is therefore essential, meaning that no commas should be used. Use a comma for direct address. 3. The same rules apply for titles. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause. Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person’s name and the greeting. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. In all the examples of direct address above, we’ve put the name of the person being addressed at the end of the sentence, like in the following: Here is the cake you ordered , Simon. But direct address can occur anywhere in a sentence. Goodbye, Norma Jean. (But see exceptions below.) In the examples below, the words in the vocative case are shaded: To sum up, the vocative comma: addresses individuals directly; is used to offset the addressee; may offset the addressee at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence Also use a comma after a city-state combination within a sentence. The reason is "direct address." You address someone directly, their name is therefore essential, meaning that commas... Has no comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and at! Element in an address I ] n formal writing, direct address takes comma! 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