It is intended primarily for agricultural researchers, technicians, and farmers in developing nations, but will also be of value to others. The disease can cause stunting and a reduction in the number of tillers. Nematode [B]. The first visable symptoms of attack by Anguina tritici in wheat plants are the enlargement of the basal stem portion followed by twisting and crink- ling of the leaves. Wheat, is the name given to several plants in the genus Triticum including Triticum aestivum, Triticum compactum, Triticum spelta and Triticum durum, which are annual or biennial grasses grown primarily for their grain.Wheat species possess an erect smooth stem with linear leaves that grow in two rows on either side of the stem with larger 'flag' leaves at the top of the stem. It is an autoimmune disease that affects about 1% of the population and may lead to damage in the digestive system ( 1 , 2 ). It is mostly found in some parts of northern India especially the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, eastern U.P. In experiments, the ear-cockle and tundu diseases of wheat were found to be dependent on the presence of Anguina tritici and the bacterium, Corynebacterium tritici, as well as on temperature, humidity, age of seedlings and depth of placement of galls. thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin-Erbil. Celiac disease is the most severe form of gluten intolerance. Gadgets Purchased for the best prices. It grows best in or near meristematic tissues keeping pace with the growth of the host plant (C). Over 100 infectious diseases caused by pathogens and with weeds are parasitic and transmissible from plant to plant. Wheat is found in many foods, including some you might not suspect, such as soy sauce, ice cream and hot dogs. Meningococcal meningitis is a rare but serious bacterial infection. The mildew fungus survives the winter as cleistothecia on wheat straw or as mycelium on infected wheat. All of the above: Answer: Option A M.Sc. The loose smut of wheat is a systemic disease. [11] Mustafa, S. A. Origin Which rust disease most damaging among all three rust diseases in India? M.Sc. and rye (Secale cereal L.), causing a disease called ‘ear-cockle’ or seed gall, that has destroyed 30-70% of the wheat crop in undeveloped parts of the world (Clark et. "Cockle" is also translated "tare" in some versions (such as the King James Version, for ex., in which verse 25 reads, "But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way."). The estimated annual losses due to “ear cockle” disease, caused by Angui na tritici on wheat. ... 1919- Milne recorded seed gall nematode of wheat in Punjab. The wheat seed gall nematode is an economically important pest of wheat (Triticum sp.) As the infected grain is sown and germinates (B), the dormant fungus mycelium within the grain resumes activity. Fungus [C]. Allergic reactions can be caused by eating wheat, but also, in some cases, by inhaling wheat flour.Avoiding wheat is the primary treatment for wheat allergy, but that isn't always as easy as it sounds. Phytoplasma are wall-less prokaryotes and cause diseases like peach X. Fastidious bacterium, Xylella fastidiosa causes almond leaf scorch, Pierce‘s disease … Evaluation o/ wheat genotypes to tundu disease Twenty five-2 day old germinated seeds of each of the Tundu disease of wheat is caused by the interaction of A. triticiwith Corynebacterium tritici. It is seed borne (A). The nematode larvae feed ecto-parasitically around the growing point of the plant. Ear-cockle disease is the oldest disease of wheat (Triticum spp.) and Chhatisgarh. The actual number of wheat diseases is unknown, nearly 200 have been reported. 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